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House molds are a growing concern in the minds of homeowners across the nation. Regardless of your area’s climate, leaks and cracks can promote mold growth in any nook or cranny of your home. Often, these growths go unnoticed for days, weeks or even months, allowing them to become health hazards and even damage your property. Certain molds are more dangerous than others; black mold identification in particular has become an important topic for property owners.
But how do you know which molds are dangerous and which are benign? It starts with knowing the properties of mold and understanding the symptoms they can cause. Read on and learn about house molds that could be affecting your family right now!
Stachybotrys Atra: Infamously Known as the “Black Mold”
Stachybotrys atra, or Stachybotyrs chartroom, is a specific type of toxic mold. This is what most people refer to when they say, “black mold.” While sometimes found in grain or soil, it’s much more frequently found in building materials that are rich in cellulose – often following water damage. High moisture content is a requirement for black mold to grow, so it is unlikely to be found in homes that are properly inspected and have been protected through waterproofing services.
This species of mold appears black or dark green, and has a unique shiny looking surface. Some would describe it as slimy-looking, but if it dries it often becomes gray and powder-like. The problem is when it comes to black mold identification, the only real way to confirm if it’s the dangerous, toxic species is with a microscope. Many different molds have similar appearance to Stachybotrys atra. Only with careful examination by an expert, practicing caution, can the species be accurately identified.
Low levels of Stachybotrys atra tend not to have any effect, though if you’re immuno-compromised it’s more likely to cause symptoms. Larger volumes of the mold lead to higher exposure, which can cause a variety of symptoms sometimes referred to as Toxic Mold Syndrome:
Chronic coughing or sneezing
These symptoms usually diminish or clear completely soon after removing the mold and its source.
Black mold affects animals too. While you may not notice a small spot of mold growing in that dark corner of your basement, you can be sure your pet will! Their curious nature may lead them to direct contact with the mold, causing illness or other reactions. If you have pets, keep an eye out for symptoms and take them to the vet immediately! Then, contact a professional to inspect and locate the source of your mold problems.
Signs of Dangerous Mold in Homes
There are a few clear signs of house mold that help you identify if your home needs mold remediation:
Musty Odor, Often in the Basement
Mold gives off a clear smell of mildew. Unfortunately, some have come to associate this smell with basements and often don’t realize that a musty smell isn’t normal in a healthy environment. Because mold can hide out of plain sight, or often behind walls, it’s not uncommon to get used to the smell instead of realizing something is wrong.
Visible Mold Growths
Obviously, if you see visible mold, you’ll know it’s there. That said, because of the conditions required to thrive, mold often grows in places that are very difficult to locate. After all, if they were in plain sight, you would likely fix the crack or remove the moisture. Chances are, if you can see mold, there’s more hidden nearby. While that’s not always the case, it’s important to realize that your health is at risk if you inhale mold spores.
Experiencing Respiratory Symptoms
The symptoms we mentioned earlier related to black mold sometimes apply to other molds as well. Most often, molds will cause respiratory effects such as worsening asthma attacks or causing allergic reactions. If you suddenly begin to exhibit symptoms like these, with no history of allergies or other problems, consider looking for potential sources of mold to see if that’s the source.
Any Mold Can Be Dangerous
The pigmentation in molds and their toxicity are not in any way connected. There are a number of molds that happen to be black or dark green in color, resembling Stachybotrys, but do not contain any of the toxins that make “black mold” so dangerous.
It is fundamentally impossible to look at a mold and determine if it’s dangerous or not. That’s why it’s important to contact a professional when you discover mold. This holds true in the reverse scenario as well – just because a mold isn’t black, doesn’t indicate that it is safe or non-toxic. Ultimately, while some molds may not be toxic or poisonous, they still indicate a problem and should be properly handled by an expert.
Don’t attempt to remove them unless you’re 100% sure they’re safe and you’re wearing protective equipment. It’s always better to contact a professional who can attack mold at its source by repairing cracked foundations or other sources of moisture.
The Importance of Removing Mold’s Moisture Source
One of the most common mistakes when dealing with mold is cleaning up the visible mold and calling it a day. This is not unlike treating the symptoms of an illness instead of the cause. Until you fix the source of moisture that is feeding the mold, it will continue to come back no matter what. Every time you clean up small spots of mold without correcting the issue, you expose yourself to more spores and possible toxins.